Are Baby Blues A Real Thing?

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Postpartum depression affects 15-20% of new mothers. It is a common post-pregnancy phenomenon and it is okay if a new mother experiences it. Casually referred to as “baby blues,” it is completely curable and having postpartum depression does not make a new mother bad or negligent.

  • So, what is postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression is a severe form of clinical depression that affects new mothers after delivery of the baby. It can affect mothers for the first year of the baby’s life and usually hits them 3 weeks into the baby’s delivery. It doesn’t just affect first-time mothers and can happen to new mothers who have already experienced childbirth.

  • But, what causes postpartum depression?

One of the biggest reasons is your hormones. Pregnancy leads to a rise in your hormonal levels which suddenly drop after delivery and this can result in depression in some women. It is a lot like experiencing mood swings right before your period but on a severe scale.  

A personal history of depression or a family history of depression also exposes you to the risk of experiencing postpartum depression.

Stress is another leading factor of postpartum depression. In cases of unwanted pregnancies, or where the mother does not have a strong support system post delivery to help her take care of the baby, subjecting her to extra stress, can lead to postpartum depression. Stress due to drug/alcohol-related problems, financial strain or other sudden huge emotional traumas also adds to causes of postpartum depression.

  • What are the common symptoms of postpartum depression?
  1.    Feelings of despair & hopelessness
  2.    Loss of appetite, libido, and will to do basic chores
  3.    Feeling a lack of connection to your baby or being uninterested in bonding with, and taking care of your baby
  4.    Long unexplainable episodes of crying
  5.    Loss of sleep even when the baby’s asleep, or too much sleep
  6.    Feeling guilty about not being a good mother

If you or someone you know can relate with the symptoms above, you can contact any of our in-house experts doctor immediately. Treatment plans may include prescribed medication or counseling therapy or a combination of both.

  Blog 

Happy Birthday, Dear Yashvin!

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Working in pediatric medicine is simultaneously one of the most stressful yet highly rewarding jobs in the world. It can be tough to be see countless little children being struck by illness every day, but every once in a while, we have the opportunity to go above and beyond to make a child’s day.

Little Yashvin was admitted with high fever and dehydration on the 27th of October, as an emergency case. He began to recover from the infection under our care and told his children’s specialist doctors that it was his birthday on 29th. Yashvin is a sweet child and he captured the hearts of all around him. Once we found out that his birthday was barely two days away, the Nursing Dept at Lotus Hospitals decided to throw a surprise party for the young lad!

No child would ever want to be cooped up in a hospital on their birthday, but we were determined to make Yashvin’s seventh birthday a special event. Surrounded by his dear parents, the entire nursing team, several doctors and other staff who had helped him on the road to recovery, Yashvin enjoyed a fun little party complete with balloons, cake and cheerful decorations in his hospital room. The little boy was overjoyed! His parents were pleasantly surprised and thanked our nurses profusely for their love and affection towards their boy, but we consider ourselves equally lucky to have met and spent time with such an amazing child.

  Blog  DEAR YASHVIN!HAPPY BIRTHDAYHAPPY BIRTHDAY DEAR YASHVIN!Lotus HospitalsLotus Hospitals in Hyderabad

Risk Factors For Childhood Diabetes

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Childhood diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is on the rise around the world for many reasons. India alone sees over a million cases of juvenile diabetes. Here is what you should know about the risk factors for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes:

  • Family history plays a major role. If a parent or sibling is diabetic, the chances of becoming diabetic increase for a child.
  • Presence of certain types of genes can also make a child susceptible to diabetes.
  • Exposure to various viruses may trigger autoimmune destruction of islet cells, which are responsible for producing glucose and insulin.
  • Childhood obesity is one of the major contributing factors for type 2 diabetes. Excess fat around the abdomen especially, puts the youth at more risk as compared to adults.
  • Sedentary lifestyle or inactivity increases chances of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his/her weight and uses glucose as energy. This ensures that cells stay responsive to insulin.
  • Age & gender also make a difference when it comes to diabetes. Children tend to develop diabetes around the same time that they hit puberty. Adolescent girls are also more prone to diabetes
  • Having a low weight at birth and being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are both known risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

You should see a doctor when your child shows any of these risk factors. If left unattended, diabetes can lead to life-threatening consequences.

  Blog  Childhood DiabetesRisk Factors For Childhood Diabetes

World Prematurity Day

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Observed internationally on November 17th , World Prematurity Day (WDP) acknowledges the problematic journeys of preterm infants and their families.Sadly, the complications of preterm birth are among the leading causes of death in children under five worldwide. Prematurity Awareness Month has brought more attention and urgency to global initiatives. This is ever so important as the incidents of preterm birth, worldwide are increasing rapidly.

Normal pregnancy is considered from 37 weeks to 41 weeks of gestation. A baby born in under 37 weeks is referred to as premature. In other words, babies born before completion of nine months of pregnancy are considered premature. Premature babies, especially those born very early, often have complicated medical problems.The earlier a baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.

Common signs of premature labour

  • Cramping in lower abdomen or menstrual-like cramps. These can feel like gas pains that may come with diarrhea
  • Backache,  (usually in the lower back). This may be constant or it may come and go.
  • Contractions every 10 minutes or less . A contraction is when the muscles of the uterus tighten up like a fist and then relax.
  • Increased vaginal discharge.
  • Increased pressure in your pelvis or vagina.
  • Bloody (or brownish ) mucus discharge.
  • When a pregnant person’s  water breaks they may experience a sensation of  a big rush of water. With premature labour, however, there may be just a trickle.

All infants born preterm require immediate and significant medical care posing unexpected challenges — emotional and financial — to their parents and family system.

If you or someone you know has experienced the symptoms mentioned above, feel free to reach out to Lotus Hospitals for a consultation with our expert gynaecologists.

  Blog  Common signs of premature labourPREMATURITY DAYWORLD PREMATURITY DAYWorld Prematurity Day on November 17th

Infection Prevention: You Can Help!

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Infections are super common, but they are not entirely unavoidable. Following are some simple ways in which you can prevent infections:

  • Wash your hands regularly.
    Make sure you wash your hands before and after cooking, as well as before and after eating food.
  • Do not go to work or to class  if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.
    Stay at home in case you’re running a fever, have a case of diarrhea, or are vomiting frequently, or experiencing other such symptoms.
  • Disinfect your house.
    Your kitchen and bathroom(s) are two areas of your house that are most likely to expose you to infections.  Disinfect these areas along with other rooms in your house with suitable cleaning agents.
  • Keep your vaccinations up to date.
    Getting vaccinated regularly with industry approved vaccinations is one of the easiest ways to keep your immune system strong and infections at bay.
  • Don’t skip your medication.
    When you have been prescribed a medicine, ensure that you complete the entire dosage even if you start feeling better instantly. Doctors prescribe a standard dosage of medicines to patients to make sure that the infection does not return.
  • Keep  your food prep clean.
    Clean all kitchen counters before and after use. Refrigerate any and all leftovers and avoid leaving cooked food in room temperature for too long.
  • Keep personal items personal.
    Personal items that come in contact with your skin, hair, or mouth are not to be shared with others. Avoid sharing combs, razor blades, dining utensils and drinking glasses.
  • Travel smart.
    Do not travel if you’re ill. You will not only have an uncomfortable time, but you will put others at risk of infection too. In case you’re traveling to a place prone to particularly harmful infections, consult your doctor to guide you on the required immunizations.

  Blog  how to prevent infectioninfection preventionprevention tips infection

Aids Awareness

5 Feb 2020 Blog

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is the advanced stage of HIV. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)  damages the immune system and interferes with the body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease.

HIV is predominantly a sexually transmitted infection (STI) but it can also be transmitted through sharing of injecting equipment such as syringes and contaminated blood transfusions.

Without diagnosis, it may take a few years before HIV weakens the immune system to the point that it becomes AIDS. With the right diagnosis and medication, and cautious attitude, one can continue to live a long life with HIV.

Symptoms

Most people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body. This illness, known as primary or acute HIV infection, may last for a few weeks. Possible signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Rash
  • Sore throat and painful mouth sores
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Weight Loss
  • Diarrhea

It is very important to have a diagnosis as early as possible to prevent HIV from translating into AIDS.

Transmission of HIV

There is another mode of transmission apart from the commonly known methods.

Infected mothers can pass the virus to their babies, through the shared blood during pregnancy, delivery and via breast milk. HIV-positive mothers who are receiving treatment for HIV during pregnancy can significantly lower the risk of transmission to their babies.

Myths about HIV :

There are many myths about HIV. Some people wrongly believe that HIV can be spread through the air. HIV can’t be spread by touching toilet seats or from mosquito bites either. No one catch HIV or AIDS by hugging, kissing, dancing or shaking hands with someone who has the infection.

How mothers and children can be protected from AIDS :

  • All women who are pregnant or planning to have a child should get tested for HIV early—before pregnancy, if possible, and during every pregnancy.
  • Pregnant women with HIV should continue their treatment even during pregnancy. HIV medication prevents the virus from multiplying, which reduces the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Transfer of HIV medication through the placenta protects the baby from HIV infection, especially during a vaginal delivery when the baby passes through the birth canal.   
  • In some situations, a woman with HIV may have a scheduled cesarean delivery  to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV during delivery.
  • Babies born to women with HIV receive HIV medicines for 4 to 6 weeks after birth. The HIV medicines reduce the risk of infection from any HIV that may have entered a baby’s body during childbirth.
  • Because HIV can be transmitted in breast milk, women with HIV should not breastfeed their babies. Baby formula is a safe and healthy alternative to breast milk in such situations.

HIV infected children

Children infected with the HIV have to endure a significant adverse impact on their neurodevelopment and cognitive functioning. A study, published recently in the online journal NeuroImage Clinical, reveals that HIV-infected children have lower neuropsychological test scores thus reflecting reduced memory span, attention deficit and decreased visual-motor coordination among other conditions.

The key to achieving overall growth in HIV infected children is a good diet, 100% medicine compliance and regular physical activity. Many doctors suggest that larger studies with bigger sample size highlight the need for a holistic approach to HIV programmes.

The emphasis should not only be on medication, but also nutritional, psychological and neurodevelopmental support.

Conclusively, we must learn and educate ourselves, our peers and children about HIV/AIDS just the way we might with other infections and viruses. The first step towards that is to stop treating the topic of HIV/AIDS as taboo and accepting it as just a health condition.

Every year, 1st December is an opportunity for people across the world to unite against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who succumbed to an AIDS-related illness. Founded in 1988 by the WHO, World AIDS Day was the first ever global health day.

  Blog  Aid Awarenessworld aids awareness dayWorld Aids day

How Air Pollution is Causing Medical Conditions in Women and Children

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Air pollution is a rising cause of concern all over the world. Apart being from one of the most widespread forms of pollution, it is also one of the most inevitable ones. Being an ever pervading medium and carrier, air can transfer pollutants very fast in a very short span of time. This makes it almost impossible for any person breathing in polluted air, to avoid infection.

In recent years, indoor air pollution has emerged as one of the leading causes of health issues in Indian metro cities. Indoor equipment, cooking fires and the presence of pets, added to our usual vehicular emissions and industrial emissions have completely poisoned the air we breathe.

The fact that air pollution can have injurious effects on the human body cannot be ignored any longer.

Toxic micro particles spread by air pollution can enter our lungs through the nasal track and cause various health issues ranging in severity from seasonal allergies to respiratory illnesses and cancer.

Air pollution can also adversely affect the health of women during pregnancy, and their unborn children can suffer from weakened immune systems. Newly born children also get affected by air pollution as they breathe in more than adults during their formative years.

It is now an established fact that babies born in areas with air pollution will have lower immunity against various types of infections, cough and cold and might also exhibit some inborn allergies.

Not just babies and children, adults are also widely affected due to polluted air. The conditions that they may experience include cardiovascular diseases, weakening of lung function and pneumonia, apart from the much more serious cancer and/or COPD.

It is very necessary that one take precautions to protect themselves and prevent any health conditions due to pollution. Here are some measures that can be taken to counter the harmful effects of air pollution:

– Wearing masks when going out

– Travelling in closed transportation

– Staying in properly ventilated houses

– Getting an air purification unit for your home, office and vehicle

The long term solution to combating the growing air pollution crisis, is to start treating our environment and our planet with care and respect. Even so, it will be decades before we see a significant improvement in the quality of the air we breathe. Until then, let’s do the best we can to keep ourselves and our little ones safe from the pollutants that surround us, so that we can all breathe easy in the future.

  Blog  How Air Pollution is Causing Medical Conditions in ChildrenHow Air Pollution is Causing Medical Conditions in WomenMedical Conditions in Women and Children

How Nutrition is Different in Women

5 Feb 2020 Blog

For the most part, men and women require the same kind of nutrients. This is because they share about 98.5% of their DNA. The amount of nutrition one requires may vary depending on the size and weight of the individual, the amount of exercise they do, or if they have some condition like osteoporosis, anemia, etc.

A woman has many periods in her life when she needs quantities of nutrients that are different from the quantities that she requires normally, i.e., either more, or less, of specific nutrients. These are during menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause.

Menstruation  

A few days before a woman menstruates, she goes through a phase of PMS or pre-menstrual syndrome. During this time women tend to have food cravings. A simple remedy for this is to have some food that has high protein content, along with her normal meal.

Menstruating women are highly prone to anemia, as they lose upto 1mg of iron every day that they bleed. The lack of iron in the body causes tiredness, fatigue, dizziness and lightheadedness. So, it is important to consume foods that have high iron content. Some such examples are spinach, chard, lentils, chicken, red meats, broccoli, etc.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very important period for a woman. She must make sure that she is doing everything to stay healthy herself, as well as keep the baby healthy. There are many nutrients that a pregnant woman requires.

  • Folate or folic acid – Folate is required by the body as it helps proper formation of blood cells. In pregnant women, a deficiency of folate can cause birth defects. Some examples of foods that have high amounts of folates are: leafy green vegetables like spinach, citrus fruits like lemons and oranges, beans, etc.
  • Calcium – Both the pregnant woman and her baby need good amounts of calcium to keep their bones and teeth strong. Milk, yogurt, spinach, and salmon are examples of foods that have high calcium content.
  • Vitamin D – This helps the building of strong bones and teeth in the baby. Fish, milk and eggs have high vitamin D levels.
  • Protein – Proteins are very essential for the baby and the mother. Proteins are important for proper growth, development and function of the body. High protein foods include poultry, fish, milk, eggs and lentils.
  • Iron – Pregnant women also require high amounts of iron. They too are prone to anemia. Leafy green vegetables, lentils, chicken, red meats, etc. are foods with high iron content.

Breastfeeding

During the time a woman is breastfeeding it is very important to consider the things that she eats and drinks. Foods with high amounts of iron, calcium, proteins and vitamins must be consumed. The baby requires these nutrients for proper growth and development.

Menopause

Menopause is a period in a woman’s life when she experiences many hormonal changes. There is a natural decline of the reproductive hormone called oestrogen. During menopause women are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. They must make sure to eat foods that have high levels of calcium as well as food that have high levels of vitamin D. This reduces the risk of osteoporosis. To avoid cardiovascular disease and stay healthy it is vital to use less saturated fat like butter, ghee, coconut oil, etc. while cooking a meal and replace it with unsaturated fats like sunflower oil or olive oil. Food with high-fibre content must be eaten. Food items must be consumed with less sodium chloride or salt.

This is how nutrition in women varies from time to time depending on her age, stage of life and health condition. Making it important that the diet also change as and when required.  

  Blog  How Nutrition is Different in WomenIs Nutrition Different in WomenNutrition is Different in Women

Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease – Diseases That Are Growing Silently in India

5 Feb 2020 Blog

The Hand Foot and Mouth disease is a common disease that usually affects children between one month and ten years of age. The number of cases of the Hand, Foot and Mouth disease (HFMD) in India has increased in the past few years and has reached more than 1 million cases a year.

This disease is caused by a virus from a genus called Enterovirus, which is commonly known as ‘coxsackievirus’. The typical signs and symptoms of this disease include:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Rashes on skin surface (especially on palms and soles)
  • Sores/ulcers in the mouth
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability

Fever is usually one of the first signs a child shows when he or she is infected. This is normally followed by a sore throat and then the loss of appetite. A few days after the onset of these symptoms is when the rashes and mouth sores or ulcers begin to appear. The infection lasts for 1 week at least.

This infection is contagious and  can spread very easily. Therefore, it is best if the infected child stays at home and doesn’t come in contact with other children. It can also be spread if a child touches any surface that has been contaminated with feces that has the virus.

This disease can cause a few complications, the most common being dehydration. The infected child is prone to getting dehydrated since the infection can make it very painful and difficult for the child to swallow. A more virulent strain of the coxsackievirus affects the brain as well, causing either viral meningitis, where there is an infection and inflammation in the meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid, or encephalitis, which is the swelling of the brain.

There are some simple ways that can be used for preventing the disease from spreading.

  • Isolating the patient is a simple way to prevent further spreading of the disease. As the disease can spread by contact.
  • It is very important to wash your hands carefully with adequate soap and water, especially after using the toilet or before eating a meal. Germ killing alcohol in the form of hand wipes or hand sanitizers can be used to clean your hands as well.
  • It is also important to keep your home clean and hygienic. Using household disinfectants such as bleach, to clean commonly used areas or areas that are prone to getting dirty easily, will help kill any germs and bacteria in your home, making it a safe and hygienic place for you and your children.

As this is a disease not commonly known but growing, it is important that parents are aware of the infections that their child can catch.

  Blog  foot and mouth diseaseshandhand diseaseshfmdpreventing ways for hfmd

Menopause – What We Need To Know

5 Feb 2020 Blog

Menopause is a stage of life most women go through. A reduction in the levels of reproductive hormones causes menopause. Many of us think that menopause is the process that leads up to the stopping of periods, but it isn’t. It’s when a woman stops having her periods permanently. The time before is called perimenopause or menopausal transition.

When menopause happens naturally, it happens between the ages of 45 and 55. There can be other causes for menopause as well. These include the following:

  • Hysterectomy, or the removal of the uterus causes menopause. In this case the periods won’t stop immediately, the woman will go through perimenopause as well. If the ovaries and the uterus are removed, then the woman will experience menopause immediately.
  • Cancer therapies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy can cause menopause, but it may not be permanent.
  • People with conditions like Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, Addison’s disease, etc. may experience early menopause.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency is another condition that causes early menopause. This is because the ovaries are not able to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones. One can develop Primary Ovarian Insufficiency either because of genetic factors or autoimmune diseases.

Signs and symptoms during menopausal transition can last anywhere between a month to many years. The symptoms of perimenopause include hot flushes, irregular periods, urinary problems, night sweats, mood swings, difficulty in focusing, issues with sleep, vaginal dryness, slowed metabolism, thinning of hair, dry skin, and loss of breast fullness.

After menopause, if a woman does not take care of herself properly it could lead to many health complications. Some of these complications include:

  • Cardiovascular disease – Due to the decline in levels of oestrogen in the body, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease increases. In order to avoid this, it is important for women who have gone through menopause to exercise regularly, maintain a healthy diet and maintain their weight.
  • Osteoporosis – During the first few years after menopause, women tend to lose a lot of bone density. This makes their bones weaker and more brittle, increasing the risk of osteoporosis. The intake of calcium and vitamin D, in doses advised by doctors, will decrease the risk of developing osteoporosis.
  • Weight gain – Due  to slow metabolism during menopausal transition and after menopause, women are highly likely to put on more weight. So, it is important to maintain your normal weight by eating healthy food and exercising regularly.

If a woman is experiencing severe symptoms then there are some treatments that can help ease these symptoms. However, it is best to consult a doctor first, so that he/she can assess the symptoms and see what treatment will best help the symptoms. Some of these treatments include Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), etc.

Lotus Hospitals has the best doctors and consultants to help you through your menopause.

  Blog  all you need to know about Menopauseeverything you need to know about MenopauseMenopauseSigns and symptoms during menopausal transition

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