Nowadays, in-vitro fertilization (IVF) is practically a household word. Not very long ago, it was a mysterious procedure for infertility that produced “test-tube babies.” Louise Brown, born in England in 1978, was the first baby to be conceived outside the mother’s womb.
Unlike the simpler process of artificial insemination, IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): What Is It?
In-vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization in which the egg and sperm are manually combined in a laboratory dish, after extracting the samples from the expectant couple. After which the embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.
In what conditions can IVF be an option?
IVF can be an option if you or your partner has been diagnosed with the following conditions:
- Moderate to severe endometriosis
- very low sperm-count
- zero sperm-count
- blocked tubes
- uterine problems like fibroids, ashermans syndrome
- premature ovarian failure
- poor ovarian reserve
- multiple failed IUI’S
- genetic disorder
- Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
- Or any unexplained problems
IVF is never the first step in the treatment of infertility except in cases of complete tubal blockage. Instead, it’s reserved for cases in which other methods such as fertility drugs, surgery, and artificial insemination haven’t worked.
What is the success rate for IVF?
The success rate of IVF depends on a number of factors like maternal age, endometrial receptivity, quality of gametes, training of personnel and lab air quality. It is also important to understand that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates.
A woman’s age is a major factor in the success of IVF for any couple.
Side effects after IVF may include:
- No pregnancy
- Multiple pregnancy
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Injury to pelvic organs during egg pick-up (VERY RARE)
Factors which improve success of IVF:
- Pre IVF hysteroscopy
- Mock embryo transfer
- Endometrial scratch test
- Clipping of hydrosalpinx
- Good quality embryos
- Smooth embryo transfer