risk factors of childhood obesity

Risk Factors For Childhood Diabetes

Childhood diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is on the rise around the world for many reasons. India alone sees over a million cases of juvenile diabetes. Here is what you should know about the risk factors for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes:

  • Family history plays a major role. If a parent or sibling is diabetic, the chances of becoming diabetic increase for a child.
  • Presence of certain types of genes can also make a child susceptible to diabetes.
  • Exposure to various viruses may trigger autoimmune destruction of islet cells, which are responsible for producing glucose and insulin.
  • Childhood obesity is one of the major contributing factors for type 2 diabetes. Excess fat around the abdomen especially, puts the youth at more risk as compared to adults.
  • Sedentary lifestyle or inactivity increases chances of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his/her weight and uses glucose as energy. This ensures that cells stay responsive to insulin.
  • Age & gender also make a difference when it comes to diabetes. Children tend to develop diabetes around the same time that they hit puberty. Adolescent girls are also more prone to diabetes
  • Having a low weight at birth and being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are both known risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

You should see a doctor when your child shows any of these risk factors. If left unattended, diabetes can lead to life-threatening consequences.

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